This study examines how fundamental accounting information can be used to supplement technical information to separate momentum winners from losers. We first introduce a ratio of liquidity buy volume to liquidity sell volume (BOS ratio) to proxy the level of information asymmetry for stocks and show that the BOS momentum strategy can enhance the profits of momentum strategy. We further propose a unified framework, produced by incorporating two fundamental indicators — the FSCORE (Piotroski, 2000) and the GSCORE (Mohanram, 2005) — into momentum strategy. Empirical results show that the combined investment strategy includes stocks with larger information content that the market cannot reflect in time, and therefore, the combined investment strategy outperforms momentum strategy by generating significantly higher returns.
Keywords: BOS ratio; Combined investment strategy; Financial statement analysis; Fundamental analysis; Momentum strategies; Technical analysis; Trading volume
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